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10 Nov 2023
  • Website Development

Implementing Decentralized API Management with Apigee Edge Microgateway

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By Tyrone Showers
Co-Founder Taliferro


Efficient API management is crucial for businesses. One innovative solution is the use of Apigee Edge Microgateway for decentralized API management, especially effective in high-latency scenarios. This article provides an in-depth guide on how to implement this strategy, addressing common problems and detailing the expected outcomes.

Problem Statement

Businesses often face challenges with centralized API management, particularly in scenarios with high latency. These challenges include slower response times, bottlenecks in data processing, and increased vulnerability to single points of failure.

Solution Overview

Apigee Edge Microgateway offers a decentralized approach to API management. This lightweight, scalable solution allows businesses to manage their APIs closer to the application, reducing latency, and improving response times while ensuring robust security and efficient data processing.

Step-by-Step Implementation Guide

  1. Preparation: Ensure you have an Apigee Edge account and understand the basics of API proxy.
  2. Installation of Apigee Edge Microgateway:
    • Download and install Node.js.
    • Install Apigee Edge Microgateway using npm (Node Package Manager).
  3. Configuration:
    • Configure the Microgateway with your Apigee Edge organization and environment information.
      1. Editing the Configuration File:
        • Locate the config/default.yaml file in your Microgateway installation directory.
        • Edit the file to include your Apigee Edge organization and environment details. For example:
              org: your-org-name
              env: your-env-name
              key: your-key
              secret: your-secret
      2. Setting API Proxies:
        • Define the API proxies that the Microgateway will manage. Add the proxy details in the proxies section of the configuration file. For example:
          - apiProxyName: example-api
              revision: 1
              base_path: /example      
      3. Configuring Policies:
        • Specify the policies you want to apply to each API proxy. This might include quota enforcement, spike arrest, or OAuth verification.
        • For instance, to add a spike arrest policy:
              timeUnit: minute
              allow: 10
        • This configuration means that the API will allow up to 10 requests per minute before enforcing spike arrest.
    • Define your API proxies and policies as per your business requirements.
  4. Deployment:
    • Deploy the Microgateway in the desired environment, which can be on-premises or in the cloud.
    • Ensure it is positioned close to the backend services or data sources for optimal performance.
    • Starting the Microgateway:
      • Once configured, start the Microgateway by running the following command in the terminal:
        edgemicro start
      • This command initializes the Microgateway with the specified configuration.
    • Deploying in a Specific Environment:
      • If deploying in a cloud environment (e.g., AWS, Azure), ensure that the Microgateway is installed on a virtual machine or container within that environment.
      • For on-premises deployment, install the Microgateway on a local server that has network access to your API services.
    • Connecting to Backend Services:
      • Ensure that the Microgateway can communicate with the backend services. This might involve configuring network settings or modifying firewall rules.
    • Testing the Deployment:
      • Test the Microgateway by making API requests through it. For example, using curl:
        curl http://localhost:8000/example/apiEndpoint
      • Replace http://localhost:8000 with your Microgateway's URL and /example/apiEndpoint with your API endpoint.
  5. Testing and Validation:
    • Perform thorough testing to ensure the APIs are functioning as expected.
    • Validate the response times and security features.
  6. Monitoring and Management:
    • Monitor the Microgateway's performance and log data. Apigee Edge provides built-in monitoring tools, or you can integrate third-party monitoring solutions.
    • Use Apigee Edge's analytics features to monitor API traffic and performance.
    • Regularly update and manage your API proxies and policies through the Apigee Edge interface.

Expected Results and Benefits

By implementing decentralized API management with Apigee Edge Microgateway, businesses can expect:

  • Reduced Latency: Faster response times due to proximity to data sources.
  • Enhanced Performance: Efficient processing and handling of API calls.
  • Robust Security: Improved security features at the API level.
  • Scalability: Ability to scale API management as per business growth.
  • Resilience: Reduced risk of system failures due to decentralized architecture.


Decentralized API management using Apigee Edge Microgateway is an effective strategy for businesses dealing with high-latency scenarios. This approach not only enhances performance but also ensures robust security and scalability. By following this step-by-step guide, businesses can successfully implement this solution and realize significant improvements in their API management capabilities.

Tyrone Showers